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Abies balsomea 'Canaan'

Abies balsomea (Balsam Fir)
Balsam Fir

Canaan is a relative newcomer; however has many similarities to both Fraser and balsam firs in growth and appearance. This similarity can led to a great deal of confusion.

The bark on young trees is smooth, grey, and with resin blisters, becoming rough and fissured or scaly on old trees. The leaves are flat needle-like, 1.5-3 cm long, dark green above often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and two white stomatal bands below, and a slightly notched tip. They are arranged spirally on the shoot, but with the leaf bases twisted to appear in two more-or-less horizontal rows. The cones are erect, 4_8 cm long, dark purple, ripening brown and disintegrating to release the winged seeds in September.


Height
45-75 Feet

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Spread
20-25 Feet

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USDA Hardiness Zone
3-5

Characteristics & Attributes

Attributes
Specimen
Evergreen
Exposure
Sun Tolerant
Growth Rate in the Garden
Slow
Season of Interest (Foliage)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Early Spring
Late Summer
Fall
Winter
Soil Moisture Needs
Average
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